Search Phlebotomy Technician Programs

Get information on Phlebotomy Technician programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment information.

Sponsored Search

Phlebotomists are healthcare professionals who specialize in drawing blood from patients for laboratory testing or transfusions. Medical assistants, on the other hand, perform a variety of administrative and clinical tasks in healthcare settings, such as taking vital signs, administering medications, and assisting with medical procedures.

While both professions can work in similar healthcare environments, phlebotomists have a more focused skill set related to blood collection, while medical assistants have a broader range of responsibilities.

Education and Training Requirements for Phlebotomists and Medical Assistants

PhlebotomistsMedical Assistants
High school diploma or equivalentHigh school diploma or equivalent
Completion of a phlebotomy training program or certification programCompletion of a medical assisting program from an accredited school
Certification via organizations such as the National Center for Competency Testing, the American Society for Clinical Pathology, and the National Healthcareer AssociationOptional certification through organizations such as the American Association of Medical Assistants and the National Healthcareer Association
Continuing education may be required to maintain certification and stay up-to-date with best practices and industry developments.Continuing education is often required to maintain certification and stay up-to-date with best practices and industry developments.

The minimum educational requirement for both phlebotomists and medical assistants is a high school diploma or GED certificate. Both professionals have to complete their own training programs as well and then go for certifications. Since medical science and the professions connected to it are growing in advancement, continuing education might be required by most employers to maintain certification.

Job Duties and Responsibilities of Phlebotomists and Medical Assistants

Here are the job duties and responsibilities of phlebotomists and medical assistants:


  • Draw blood from patients using a variety of methods, including venipuncture and finger sticks
  • Label and track blood samples for laboratory testing
  • Verify patient information and medical history to ensure proper collection and testing
  • Educate patients on the blood collection process and provide instructions for aftercare
  • Follow safety protocols to prevent infection and ensure proper disposal of hazardous materials

Medical Assistant

  • Take and record patient vital signs, such as blood pressure, temperature, and heart rate
  • Assist healthcare providers with patient exams and medical procedures
  • Administer medications and vaccines as directed by healthcare providers
  • Collect patient medical history and input information into electronic health records
  • Schedule appointments and coordinate patient care between different healthcare providers
  • Perform administrative tasks such as answering phones, managing patient records, and handling billing and insurance paperwork.

Note: Job duties and responsibilities can vary based on the specific workplace and the needs of the employer.

Work Settings for Phlebotomists and Medical Assistants

Here are the work settings for phlebotomists and medical assistants:


  • Hospitals and medical clinics
  • Diagnostic laboratories and blood banks
  • Physician offices and clinics
  • Long-term care facilities and nursing homes
  • Community health centers and public health agencies

Medical Assistant

  • Physician offices and clinics
  • Hospitals and medical centers
  • Outpatient care centers
  • Assisted living and long-term care facilities
  • Public health agencies and community health centers

Note: Both phlebotomists and medical assistants can work in a variety of healthcare settings, and the specific workplace may depend on the needs of the employer and the local job market.

Salary and Career Growth Prospects

ProfessionAnnual Median Salary (2021)Job Growth (2021-2031)
Medical Assistants$37,19016%

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics (2021)

The table above shows the latest salaries and job growth figures for phlebotomists and medical assistants. As you can see, there is not a great deal of difference between the salaries of both professions. Having said that, the expected job growth over the next ten years for medical assistants is better than phlebotomists. However, the career you choose will eventually depend on your requirements and personal choice.