Phlebotomy is a medical field that involves the collection of blood samples from patients for laboratory analysis. The primary function of a phlebotomist is to obtain the required amount of blood, with minimum discomfort to the patient, in a safe and sterile manner.

What Does a Phlebotomist Do

A Phlebotomist’s job duties include:

  • Identifying patients and verifying their identity
  • Selecting and preparing the appropriate equipment and supplies
  • Asking patients about any medical conditions that may affect the blood draw
  • Locating a suitable vein for the blood draw
  • Cleaning the puncture site and inserting the needle for the blood draw
  • Collecting the required amount of blood
  • Labeling and transporting the blood samples to the laboratory
  • Documenting the blood draw procedure and any patient reactions
  • Keeping equipment and work area clean and organized

Qualifications Required to Become a Phlebotomist in North Carolina

To become a Phlebotomist in North Carolina, you will need to meet the following requirements:

  • High School Diploma or equivalent
  • Successful completion of a phlebotomy training program
  • Certification by a recognized certifying organization, such as the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) or National Phlebotomy Association (NPA)
  • Current CPR certification
  • A minimum of 100 successful venipunctures and 10 successful skin punctures on live patients
  • Proof of liability insurance coverage
  • Pass a background check and drug screening
  • Ability to work weekends, holidays and on-call if needed

Phlebotomy Training and Education Programs in North Carolina

The Phlebotomy Training and Education Programs typically cover both theoretical and practical aspects of phlebotomy. Here’s a general overview of what students can expect to learn:

  • Anatomy and Physiology: Students will learn about the anatomy and physiology of the human body, particularly the circulatory system, as this is fundamental to understanding phlebotomy.
  • Blood Collection Techniques: Students will learn various methods of collecting blood samples, including venipuncture, arterial sticks, and capillary punctures.
  • Safety and Sterilization: Students will learn about infection control and the importance of maintaining a sterile environment during blood collection procedures.
  • Laboratory Procedures: Students will learn about laboratory procedures for handling and processing blood samples, including sample preparation, labeling, and storage.
  • Medical Terminology: Students will learn medical terminology related to phlebotomy and the circulatory system, which will enable them to communicate effectively with medical professionals.
  • Patient Care: Students will learn about patient care, including communication techniques, how to prepare patients for blood collection procedures, and how to handle difficult or anxious patients.
  • Clinical Experience: Many Phlebotomy Training and Education Programs include a clinical component where students can gain hands-on experience in a real-world setting. This is an opportunity to practice their skills under the supervision of experienced phlebotomists.

In addition to these core areas, some programs may also cover topics such as ethics and legal issues, customer service, and basic computer skills. The length of the training programs can vary, but most range from 4 to 12 weeks.

There are several Phlebotomy Training and Education Programs available in North Carolina that can help aspiring Phlebotomists. Here are a few:


School Name



Program Description

Central Piedmont Community CollegePhlebotomy Technician Program (combination of  classroom, laboratory and hands-on clinical experience)
Durham Technical Community CollegePhlebotomy Technician Program (knowledge and skills for certification)
Forsyth Technical Community CollegePhlebotomy Technician Program (hands-on training in clinical setting)
Wake Technical Community CollegePhlebotomy Technician Program (skills and knowledge for certification)
Carolina School of PhlebotomyPhlebotomy Training Program (classroom, laboratory, and clinical experience)

It is important to note that each program may have different requirements and prerequisites, so it is advisable to research and compare programs to find the best fit for an individual’s career goals and needs.

Phlebotomy Certifications in North Carolina

  • American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
  • National Phlebotomy Association (NPA)
  • National Healthcareer Association (NHA)

To get certified as a Phlebotomist, one must typically complete a Phlebotomy training program and pass an examination. The requirements to take the certification exam vary between organizations, but usually include completing a Phlebotomy training program and having a certain amount of clinical experience.

Acquiring Clinical Experience and Practical Skills

Clinical experience is a crucial component of Phlebotomy education and training. It allows students to gain hands-on experience in a real-world setting and apply the knowledge and skills they have learned in the classroom and laboratory. This experience is usually obtained through externships or internships, where students work with a licensed Phlebotomist to collect blood samples and perform other related tasks.

Practical Skills Learned During Phlebotomy Education and Training Include

  • Proper techniques for collecting blood samples
  • Understanding and following safety protocols
  • Knowledge of anatomy and physiology
  • Knowledge of different types of laboratory tests and procedures
  • Proper patient care and communication
  • Proper labeling and storage of samples
  • Basic computer skills for record keeping and data entry.

Overall, Phlebotomy education and training aim to equip students with the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to perform their duties as a Phlebotomist with competence and confidence.

Job Market and Career Opportunities for Phlebotomists in North Carolina

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of Phlebotomists is estimated to grow by 26% from 2020 to 2030, which is much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for Phlebotomists is expected to increase as the population ages and the need for diagnostic testing grows.

In North Carolina, Phlebotomists can find job opportunities in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers, and research facilities. They may also work in mobile blood drives or home health care.

Maintaining Professional Development Through Continuing Education

To maintain their certification and stay current with the latest developments in their field, Phlebotomists must engage in ongoing professional development through continuing education. This may include taking courses, attending workshops and conferences, and participating in other professional development opportunities.

Continuing education helps Phlebotomists keep their skills up-to-date, expand their knowledge base, and stay abreast of changes in the field. It also allows Phlebotomists to stay informed about new techniques, technologies, and best practices, and to continuously improve the quality of their work.

Continuing education is an important aspect of a Phlebotomist’s professional development and is essential for maintaining their certification and advancing their career.


What are the different career paths that a Phlebotomist can take?

A Phlebotomist can advance to positions such as Lead Phlebotomist, Supervisor, Manager, and Director of Phlebotomy Services, or move into related healthcare roles such as Medical Laboratory Technologist or Clinical Medical Assistant.

What are some of the courses taught in Phlebotomy degree?

Some of the courses taught in a Phlebotomy degree program include: Introduction to Phlebotomy, Anatomy and Physiology, Medical Terminology, Collection Techniques, Laboratory Safety, and Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare.

Can Phlebotomy degree be obtained online?

Yes, Phlebotomy degree programs are available online, but it is important to check if the program is accredited and if the certification obtained through online study will be recognized by employers in your area.